Dehairing (Cashmere, Yak and Camel types)
The most important aspect in the production of Cashmere, Yak or Camel hair is the dehairing process. Up to 60% of the raw fibre is what is called 'Guard Hair'. This is the outer layer of hair that protects the animals from their environment. The fibre which we refer to as Cashmere, Yak or Camel in yarn terms is, in fact, the innermost fleece which is there to keep the animal warm. The outer Guard hair thus has to be separated from the inner fleece. This is achieved through an extensive mechanical process known as carding.
Worsted Spinning Long Staple Fibres
We use only longer fleece in all our yarn types which means that we are able to produce all our yarns on worsted system. The fibres are washed, carded and then the combed (aligned) before spinning. Worsted spun yarns spun form longer staple fibres are more luxurious and refined, stronger and will feel softer and smoother.
We do not use any material that is obtained through the abattoir system as this is normally much shorter fibres and weaker due to the liming process, used to "pull" the wool from the animal skin. These types of inferior fibres, known as skin wool, make up the majority of material used in woollen spun yarns as they are able to use this inferior fibre.
The vast majority of our spinning occurs in Italy as we feel that this offers the highest standard of production now available in Europe. We source and check the fibres we use before shipping to ship to Italy where we keep close control every aspect of the production process there.
The use of longer, combed fibre and the removal of the shorter fibres during the combing process, significantly reduce pilling in the resultant yarn.